Department of Dermatology
The skin is highly dependent on the safety and functioning of body systems. It is the largest organ in the body, averaging between 1.5-2 square meters and the weight of the skin tissue can reach 15% of the body weight. The skin function is our protection and serves as a barrier against infections, allergens and skin diseases. Skin diseases can appear as a rash. In this case, the skin indicates that there is a problem with the immune system and a malfunction in the skin.
The Department of Dermatology treats a variety of skin disorders. They include outpatient clinics, pediatricians, sections for accommodation, a clinic for allergic skin diseases (contact dermatitis), a surgical clinic, a special clinic for various types of hair loss, and special methods for diagnosis and treatment.
Methods of diagnosis of the skin was done in most cases by taking a biopsy to identify the disease or its cause to know the appropriate treatment methods, also by using this method we identify whether the tumor is malignant or benign.
Treatment is usually done by antibiotics and antiviral drugs, some people need hormone therapy, in severe cases, intensive treatments are required and are usually by hospital stay until recovery.
Causes of skin diseases are many and varied, usually skin diseases are caused by external factors, such as sunlight, which can cause tumors of cancer, psychological factors and systemic diseases within the body, including:
Dysfunction of the immune system that causes diseases such as Psoriasis: It is a common skin disease affecting the life cycle of skin cells. As a result of psoriasis cells accumulate on the surface of the skin quickly to form thick silver crusts and itchy, dry and red layers, sometimes causing pain. Psoriasis is a persistent disease (chronic disease).
Dietary diseases: an assessment of the nutritional status, as well as medical tests are conducted, by looking at the patient such as skin color, skin sores, subcutaneous fat, and hair loss. For example, in protein deficiency we can observe skin changes, Vitamin (A) deficiency causes dehydration of the skin, Lack of riboflavin can develop dermatitis.
Skin diseases caused by Viruses (VIRAL DISEASES): What characterize these diseases is the appearance of blisters or skin rash. Examples include measles, chickenpox, rubella, Infectious mononucleosis, cat scratching.
Skin Diseases caused by Rickettsia (Rickettsial Diseases): Rickettsia is a small bacterial Gram-negative bacteria, which is usually able to develop within the cells of the living organs. They usually enter our bodies through the skin, especially from the cracks, skin rash and many other complications are caused by Rickettsia.
Wegener’s Granulomatosis: is one of the diseases of Granulomatous. In some patients, the skin injury caused by vasculitis is checked.
Lymphogranuloma venereum: It is a sexually transmitted disease, which causes skin rash and other symptoms.
Infections caused by Streptococcus from group A: Streptococcus can cause two types of skin infection: Pyoderma and Erysipelas.
Pheumatis Fever: which causes a rash known as Erythema Marginatum.
Infections caused by staphylococcus: such as Furuncle appearance of staphylococcus aureus on the skin and under the skin, and also can be found in the Hair follicles.It Often tends to appear in the skin of the face, neck, buttocks, thigh, breasts and paws. Most patients initially complain of itching and pain, and then, swelling, redness, sensitivity and heat can be observed in the Furuncle area.
Parasitic Disease: Like LeishmaniaTropica, the parasite sandfly injects it into the person and causes a skin disease known as the Oriental Sore.
Dermatophytes (Fungi Diseases): A number of fungi can cause skin diseases which are usually called dermatophytosis. Examples include Tinea Capitis, Tinea Barbae, Tinea Corporis, Tinea Cruris, Tinea Unguium. Tinea Manum.
Other diseases caused by fungus,are candidiasis, which are a group of diseases caused by fungi from Candida species that can affect both the skin and in the internal organs.