Department of Neurology
Examples of neurological conditions that can be successfully treated include:
- Parkinson disease
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Viral Infections of the Central Nervous System
- Brain abscess
- Intracranial Hemorrhage
- Cerebrovascular Accident -CVA
- Spinal Brain Diseases
- Tumors and Space Occupying Lesions of the Central Nervous System
- Pressure Neurosciences
Neuroscience is a field of medicine which specializes in the diseases of the nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nervous system and muscles.
The neurology department treats all types of neurological disorders listed above for patients whose movements are very limited. They require extensive rehabilitation programs, especially for neurologic patients, and patients who are kept in the hospital are done so for several reasons. These reasons can include movement disorders, strokes, Alzheimer’s disease, neurological diseases, Cerebral palsy of the lumbar or cervical spine, paralysis, Parkinson’s disease, brain damage and severe injuries. Patients are supervised by physicians in various fields with extensive experience, and who are interested in constantly developing their research. The patient is diagnosed in outpatients or residence using different methods such as:
- Annamese: In many cases, the neurologic situation of the patient can be diagnosedby asking the patient if he has a headache, convulsions, dizziness, loss of consciousness or loss of feeling in any part of his body.
- Diagnose: physical diagnose purpose is to reach to the damaged part of the neurological system.
- Fundoscopy: To eliminate any suspicions that there is pressure inside the skull that leads to the emergence of tumors in the eye.
- Skull imaging: By imaging the skull we can diagnose the presence of fractures, tumors or even asymmetry within the skull.
- Electroencephalogram:A chart that records the electrical activity of the brain. It works by placing several electrodes on the scalp of the patient, either while static or in movement. Electroencephalogram is used extensively to diagnose epilepsy, sleep disorders, coma, cerebral anomalies, and brain death.
- Atomic brain scan: This is done by using a non-harmful radioactive substance through the vein, which helps to diagnose various processes within the brain.
- CT scans: An X-ray medical device used to create a three-dimensional image of an internal body. It consists of several two-dimensional images that pick up around a fixed axis of rotation. It is an important means of monitoring cancer and any disorders or abnormalities in the brain. It depicts the structure of the nervous system in the brain.
- Lumbar puncture: During the examination, a needle is carefully inserted into the spine (lower back) between the third and fourth vertebrae (CSF – cerebrospinal fluid) to measure the number of cells, protein, sugar, growth of polluting agents and other elements. This examination can confirm or exclude certain diseases such as meningitis.
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging-MRI: An MRI produces a detailed image, which allows the doctor to see internal organs, blood vessels, muscles, joints, tumors, areas prone to inflammation inside the brain, and the diagnosis of physiological changes in the nervous system which cannot be diagnosed by any other method. The diagnosis helps in identifying various diseases (also in their advanced stages) and planning treatment for injuries and diseases.
- Functional magnetic resonance imaging – fMRI: A type of specialized magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) used to measure the response of the circulatory system (blood flow change) connected to the neural activity in the brain or the spinal cord. It is one of the most common forms used in neuroscience imaging. In addition to the research side, this method of imaging is used widely in the world, as part of thepreoperative evaluation in brain tumors.