The Department of Oncology
The Department of Oncology has experts in the field of treatment and research, with excellence, reliability and compassion, and the best efforts to provide treatment, including innovative methods of medical and psychological treatment for cancer patients, as well as conducting genetic tests aimed at accurate treatment of special or unique casesCancer is a comprehensive term for a wide range of diseases whose common factor is the formation of tumors. These tumors are made up of cells where the mechanism of nature control is destroyed in cell division, and therefore they are subject to rapid uncontrolled division unlike the body’s natural cells, most of which are not at all divided or subject to very few divisions over long periods of time. Cancer is a genetic disease because it is caused by a change in genes, but not a hereditary disease in the literal sense of the term. But it can be said that there are different trends that cause predisposition to cancer.
There are two types of tumors, a benign tumor and a malignant tumor:
- Benign tumor: In this case, the cancer cell division is limited, tumors do not spread to other organs in the body, but there is a possibility that the benign tumor turns to a malignant tumor.
- Malignant tumors: The tumor is able to spread and move out of its original location. Without treatment the tumor can penetrate the tissue surrounding it and destroy it.
There are specialized units according to the type of cancer including breast cancer, endocrine (thyroid and endocrine) cancer, uterine cancer, lung cancer, skin cancer, sarcoma, colorectal tumors, urinary tract tumors. Other divisions such as BRCA, Lynch for diagnosis and research, early detection and prevention, tumor therapy for the elderly and psychotherapy.
Various treatments for cancer:
- Surgical treatment: Surgery to remove tumors such as mastectomy and hysterectomy.
- Radiation therapy: Unity carries a wide range of radiation treatments for various types of cancer. The unit enables advanced and innovative treatments, such as three-dimensional therapy, stereoscopic radiotherapy, IMRT and increased dosage of treatment. The system begins with treatment planning, determination of dose rate and radiation therapy.
- Chemotherapy: A chemical attack against cells that divide constantly, namely cancer cells.
- One of the new and innovative ways to treat cancer is Antibody therapy. Cancer cells contain distinctive protein markers. In this way of treatment, genetically engineered antibodies (such as certain types of toxins) can be directed at cancer cells to destroy them. Biological therapy: The body’s immune system is activated by injecting certain substances that stimulate the production of antibodies that attack cancer cells.
- Stem Cell Therapy (Immunotherapy): The laboratory provides new and innovative immunotherapy for cancer of the skin, colon, ovary, lung and kidney according to matching possibilities. The laboratory is conducting much research to discover new treatments, including bioremediation, where the body’s immune system is activated by injecting certain substances that stimulate the production of antibodies that attack cancer cells..