Department of Rheumatology

 

Department of Rheumatology

It is worth mentioning two terms used in arthritis, first, Arthritis, this is limited to joints inflammation.  The other is Rheumatism, which describes various injuries to the skeletal system: joints, muscles, ligaments and other parts of the skeletal system.Treatments which are available for Arthritis include, pain or inflammation relief by Injectable injection or steroid injection, physical activity which is appropriate to prevent secondary muscular atrophy and osteoporosis, and sometimes it is necessary to fix the joint location, in some cases the situation requires intervention surgical treatment by a complete replacement of the damaged joint.

Arthritis diseases include:

Arthritis that accompanies pollution diseases:
1. Bacterial Arthritis: Most cases are caused by bacteria from the bloodstream.
2. Viral arthritis: Severe viral diseases, including viral hepatitis, may be accompanied by the development of arthritis.

Rheumatoid Arthritis:  is a systemic disease that focuses on the articular membranes or may cause multiple other complications outside the joints. This disease tends to damage symmetry in the paws, veins of the palm of the hand or foot. The disease is characterized by varying degrees of pain according to the case situation and by external factors such as weather.

Ankylosing spondylitis: A phenomenon characterized by infection in the joints of the spine, Sacroiliac joint (between the vertebrae and pelvic bones) and inside the soft tissue next to the spine. About one third to half of the patients with spondylitis have  also  inflammation of the synovial and peripheral joints, especially in the joints of the shoulder and the head of the hip.

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: In some children, the disease appears in a troubled manner with symptoms such as fever, rashes and pericarditis. Although the disease begins at an early age, some patients reach puberty and others affected at the age of 16. This disease is characterized by its appearance with many systemic symptoms, including high fever, rash, leukocytosis, erythema (uveitis), growth disorder.

Psoriatic Arthritis: Approximately 5% of patients with psoriasis have arthritis, the disease tends to cause re-absorption of bone resorption, especially in hand palms, and asymmetric damage to the amniotic joints (interphalangeal), and spondylitis.

Reiter’s syndrome: The fact that the disease is present after a certain infection or infection of the body, and the fact that an excessive proportion of the antibody (HLA B27) exist; leaves room to think that the complications of infectious diseases in people with the appropriate genetic predisposition leads to Reiter’s syndrome. There may be symptoms associated with Reiter’s syndrome such as ulcers in the oral mucosa, genitalia, fever, iritis and cartilage inflammation.

Degenerative Joint Disease: This disease is called Osteoarthritis, which is characterized by early atrophy of the articular cartilage that causes degenerative joints disease. In fact, this disease is present in most of the people over the age of 40 and begins at the age of 20-30 years. Of the special cases in this disease is damage to the spine, in this case, there is pressure on the structure of the nervous system leading to sensory and motor disorders and even paralysis.

Nonarticular Rheumatism: There are a number of conditions and symptoms that do not cause severe disability, but can cause relatively large inconvenience to a large number of patients.

Bursitis: is a condition in which cystitis occurs in the areas of friction between the skin, tendons, vertebrae, muscles and bones.

Tenosynovitis: An inflammation of the lining of the tendon (the cord that connects bones to muscles).

Tennis Elbow: It is common for tennis players. Pain in the side area of ​​the elbow.

Carpal tunnel syndrome: This is due to the accumulation of nerves at the point of transmission in the palm of the hand. It is a common Syndrome In middle-aged women, complaints are usually in areas that lose sensation due to the injured nerve.

Tietze syndrome: causes cartilage inflammation in the area that connects the front parts of ribs and rib cage bones. Severe pain may cause great concern to the patient.

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